Plutocratas, personalistas ou inexperientes

uma revisão sistemática sobre autofinanciamento eleitoral

Autores

  • Bruno Marques Schaefer UFRGS

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31990/agenda.2022.3.4

Palavras-chave:

Autofinanciamento eleitoral, Revisão Sistemática, Comportamento estratégico, Financiamento de campanha

Resumo

Este trabalho realiza uma revisão sistemática do autofinanciamento eleitoral. Esta fonte de recursos é pouco estudada, se comparadas com fontes como recursos públicos ou empresariais. Os objetivos são responder as perguntas: o que explica que candidatos autofinanciem suas campanhas? (1) E, quais são as consequências deste tipo de financiamento? (2). De modo geral, destaco que a literatura sobre autofinanciamento possui dois modelos teóricos básicos: aqueles mais focados em explicações sociológicas do autofinanciamento (percebem que esse tipo de recurso está conectado a formas específicas de recrutamento político); e aqueles mais focados em uma teoria do comportamento estratégico: em que o autofinanciamento é apenas mais um dentre outros recursos utilizados na campanha. Em termos empíricos, os trabalhos encontram que candidatos autofinanciados são, usualmente, ricos, personalistas e/ou inexperientes, enquanto este tipo de recurso tem maior efeito no número de votos conquistados em disputas proporcionais do que majoritárias. Estes achados, bem como as lacunas (ausência de triangulação metodológica, por exemplo), podem auxiliar na elaboração de pesquisas sobre o caso brasileiro e latino-americano.

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Publicado

2023-08-22

Como Citar

MARQUES SCHAEFER, B. . Plutocratas, personalistas ou inexperientes: uma revisão sistemática sobre autofinanciamento eleitoral. Revista Agenda Política, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 94–123, 2023. DOI: 10.31990/agenda.2022.3.4. Disponível em: https://www.agendapolitica.ufscar.br/index.php/agendapolitica/article/view/792. Acesso em: 1 mar. 2024.