Dois níveis de legitimidade no humanitarismo da ONU

tecnicismo e moralidade dos objetivos internacionais

Autores

  • Letícia Rizzotti PPGRI San Tiago Dantas (Unesp/Unicamp/PUC-SP)
  • Alexandre Fuccille Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas (UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP) - São Paulo – SP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31990/agenda.2022.3.8

Palavras-chave:

Humanitarismo, ONU, Reconstrução Política, Proteção, Legitimidade

Resumo

Os 30 anos de humanitarismo multidimensional das Nações Unidas não produziram grandes sistematizações de policy sobre reconstrução política em operações de paz. Esse esforço tampouco consta na literatura que, apesar de ter produzido críticas sobre o modelo do humanitarismo, se debruçou sobre casos específicos ou leituras gerais dos postulados encampados. Este trabalho realiza a sistematização das respostas institucionais, via documentos que revelam os debates internos à Organização:  resoluções do Conselho de Segurança e documentos coletados nos Arquivos da ONU em Nova Iorque. Esse conjunto documental revelou uma estratégia de produção de dois níveis de legitimidade para estruturar os instrumentos humanitários: a moralização da proteção e o pragmatismo tecnicista. Conclui-se que este eixo foi caminhou pelo envernizamento tecnocrata, despolitizando as categorias democráticas.

Biografia do Autor

Letícia Rizzotti, PPGRI San Tiago Dantas (Unesp/Unicamp/PUC-SP)

Docente de Relações Internacionais no Centro Universitário Sagrado Coração (UNISAGRADO). Doutoranda e Mestre pelo PPGRI San Tiago Dantas (UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP) na área de concentração Paz, Defesa e Segurança Internacional. Visiting Research Fellow na Fordham Law School - New York (2019). Graduada pelo curso de Relações Internacionais da Escola Paulista de Política, Economia e Negócios (EPPEN) da Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp).

Alexandre Fuccille, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Programa de Pós-Graduação em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas (UNESP/UNICAMP/PUC-SP) - São Paulo – SP

Professor da UNESP na graduação e pós-graduação (PPG em Relações Internacionais San Tiago Dantas e PPG em Planejamento e Análise de Políticas Públicas), possuindo mestrado em Ciência Política pela UFSCar, doutorado em Ciência Política pela UNICAMP, pós-doutorado em Ciência Política pela USP e pós-doutorado em Relações Internacionais pela Universidad Complutense de Madrid/UCM.

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Publicado

2023-08-22

Como Citar

RIZZOTTI, L.; FUCCILLE, A. . Dois níveis de legitimidade no humanitarismo da ONU: tecnicismo e moralidade dos objetivos internacionais. Revista Agenda Política, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 192–213, 2023. DOI: 10.31990/agenda.2022.3.8. Disponível em: https://www.agendapolitica.ufscar.br/index.php/agendapolitica/article/view/789. Acesso em: 2 mar. 2024.