El origen, trayecto, y rumbo de la investigación en torno a la variación de los regímenes subnacionales

Autores

  • Javier Pérez Sandoval University of Oxford

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31990/agenda.2021.3.1

Palavras-chave:

análisis subnacional , democracia subnacional , cambio de régimen, política subnacional

Resumo

Este artículo discute lo que la ciencia política (no)conoce sobre por qué las provincias dentro de los países tienen regímenes distintos. Específicamente, se evalúa la investigación sobre la heterogeneidad de los regímenes subnacionales (HRS). El texto discute nuestra comprensión actual sobre la HRS e identifica limitaciones teóricas y metodológicas importantes. Para superarlas, el artículo exhorta a 1) revisar con un enfoque subnacional los análisis de nivel nacional, 2) articular una aproximación subnacional mixta que balancee estructura y agencia, e invita a 3) sopesar el intercambio entre el nivel de análisis y la complejidad de los mecanismos causales teorizados. Asimismo, utilizando evidencia electoral de Argentina, Brasil, y México, el artículo señala que, al hablar de democracia, la posición relativa de las unidades subnacionales se ha mantenido relativamente estable a través del tiempo. Así, se invita a futuros estudios a 4) descongelar la historia. Con esta agenda, los estudiosos de la política subnacional podrán (re)avivar la discusión y profundizar nuestro conocimiento sobre el tema.

Biografia do Autor

Javier Pérez Sandoval, University of Oxford

Profesor de Política en Pembroke College Oxford y Profesor Asistente en el Oxford Q-Step Center afiliado al Departamento de Política y Relaciones Internacionales de la Universidad de Oxford. Email: p.sandoval.javier@gmail.com ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7410-7201

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Publicado

2022-04-12

Como Citar

PÉREZ SANDOVAL, J. El origen, trayecto, y rumbo de la investigación en torno a la variación de los regímenes subnacionales. Revista Agenda Política, [S. l.], v. 9, n. 3, p. 27–54, 2022. DOI: 10.31990/agenda.2021.3.1. Disponível em: https://www.agendapolitica.ufscar.br/index.php/agendapolitica/article/view/631. Acesso em: 22 jul. 2024.